"It has been a misfortune, that until within a few weeks past, the interruption by rocks and ledges, from the head of the Falls to the Canal, has had such an effect upon strangers, that they dare not venture into it with their rafts, without a pilot. The proprietors therefore have been to an expense of cutting a new Canal, from the head of the Falls into the old Canal by the eastern bank of the river, and nearly parallel with the same. This work is so well executed, that the water shoots directly into the old Canal, and such are the natural monuments on each side of this canal, that the stranger cannot fail, and will enter with ease and safety into the canal.From this statement it seems that instead of using the canal funds for private purposes, he had expended $7000 of his own upon the works since the granting of the lottery.
There has been erected, at great expense, during the last season, below the second guard gate, a Basin, to receive all loose logs, drift stuff, so that a stranger, without the aid of a pilot, can pass from the head of the Falls directly into the basin below the mills, without interruption, and in less than half the usual time. From the basin to the lower canal are two locks of 100 feet each, through which we pass in twenty minutes. About thirty rods below these locks, there is a gate erected for the conveniency of stopping the water, by which we expedite the passage through the locks at half the usual time. By these alterations, business is done with great despatch, besides the saving of much labor, and the expense of a pilot. The last rafts that have passed the canal, have experienced all this. The canal below the last mentioned gate, is every way complete, so far as the slip through which the lumber passes into the Merrimack river again. From this slip to the river, requires four locks to be put down, of 9 feet lift, and 100 feet in length each, including that which must be placed in the river. Three of these locks are 100 feet each, are framed, and have lain at the spot over two summers, and are unavoidably in a mouldering condition. * *
At the time I petitioned the Legislature of New Hampshire, for a lottery, to raise $9000, my sufferings proved much more; for by taking a new route, which was recommended to me, and complied with, out of this $9000 exclusive of neccessary charges, I have received only $5000, all of which, and many thousands more, have been actually expended upon the canal, besides $1300 of tolls received the last season.
So the reports now circulating of my being indifferent whether I complete the canal or not, and that I have made use of lottery money, in building a house, are both false and without foundation. So far from making use of the money I received by the lottery, I have expended more than $7000 upon the canal, besides the $5000 received by the lottery. This I am ready to prove, when called upon."
"It will be acknowledged by all enquirers into canaling business, that the canals are, and soon will be of inconceivable advantage to the public at large, especially when the Blodget canal, so called by his charter, (but by the old Indian name Namoskeag,) is completely finished; here are the locks that command an immense property of a great and goodly country of many hundred miles in circumference, round the lakes and heads of streams that empty into and form [sic from?] the Merrimack before they reach the locks at the Blodget Canal; this goodly country abounds with beef cattle upon a thousand hills, and all kinds of produce, and lumber in abundance, with wealthy in habitants suitably interspersed all over it, who wish a commercial intercourse with the inhabitants of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.This expose could not fail to produce a decided effect. March 14, 1806, the Legislature of Massachusetts granted a second lottery in aid of the "Blodget Canal." This was put in immediate operation, and by fall an amount of money was raised from this and the lottery in New Hampshire, to authorize the prosecuting the work with vigor, and by the end of December 1806 the locks were finished. But the completion of the locks and canal brought neither rest or quiet to Judge Blodget. He had offered the managers of the old lottery to settle their difficulties by arbitration, and after much delay, they had consented, and the winter and spring of 1807, he was busy in getting his accounts in readiness for the "Rule," and in getting the day of "sitting" appointed by the chairman of the "Rule." But during this time, borne down with age and trouble, his spirits were kept up by the anticipations of the coming "May Day." That day had been appointed for the "opening of Blodget's Locks and Canal," and the Judge looked foward [sic] to it as the proud day of his life, the day of his triumph, purchased at the price of a handsome fortune, and thirteen anxious years of his life!
As the committee of the Middlesex Canal has published the particular articles that passed through their canal the last season the amount of which was 9405 tons of various articles, the toll of which amounted to 11,832 dollars, it may not be amiss to inform the public the particulars and the quantity of each articte that passed through the locks and the slip of Blodget's canal the last season, which is as follows;
941,647 feet pine boards 1134 tons. 1,333 feet oak boards 3 " 49,881 feet 2 1-2 inch oak plank 249 1-2 " 13,000 feet 5 inch pine plank 75 " 13,800 feet 2 1-2 inch pine plank 38 " 15,250 clapboards 15 1-4 " 343,500 singles 68 3-4 " 116,430 hogshead staves 204 " 35,750 barrel staves 35 3-4 " 122,579 hogshead hoops 245 " 513 tons feet oak timber 526 " 1,434 tons 27 feet pine timber 1230 " 62 tons 20 feet ash and elm timber, 62 1-2 " 240 empty hogsheads, 12 " 1,030 empty barrels, 25 3-4 " 294 shooks, 5 " 2 empty boats for the Middlesex canal, 60 " Amounting in the whole to, 3989 1-2
Eight tenths of said lumber was carried through said canal and slip, in two months, viz; from the 5th of April, to the 5th of June, 1805, after which a very small quantity of Lumber passed through the canal owing to a failure of water and the Dam that is to be built for the purpose of turning the water into the head of said canal not yet being erected, the toll amounting only to 1080 dollars being fixed at the low rate of sixteen cents per ton for pine timber, and other articles in proportion which is done to encourage the business, the locks at the lower end of said canal being yet in an unfinished state, those people who come down the river with lumber are obliged to break their rafts in order to pass through the slip, and then re-raft said lumber, which not only subjects them to an extra bill of cost, but often detains them so long that they are obliged to haul up their rafts and wait for another rise of water, before they can proceed down the river, to the Middlesex canal, it's worthy of observation that the whole amount of every article that passed through the Middlesex canal both up and down the last year was
Then there passed through the Middlesex canal only ten and a half tons more than passed through Blodget's slip the last season. What may be expected when the Locks are completed at Blodget's canal; how must the merchants and the people of all descriptions in the country and in Boston and vicinity, rejoice to see that day?"
9405 tons. The whole amount of every article that passed Blodget's slip at Amoskeag the last season was 3989 1-2 " 5415 1-2 Deduct the articles of wood and cider which was carried through Middlesex in boats amounting to 5405 10 1-2
"Voted to give those minutemen one dollar as bounty when they enlist, and one dollar when they pass muster, and one dollar when they march, and to give them the wages the Congress has voted, and as Much More as will make Eight dollars pr Month while they are in active Service and no longer."This requisition for troops was made by the general government in anticipation of more serious trouble from what has been called the "Whiskey Rebellion" in Pennsylvania. However the insurrection was easily quelled by the troops under Gen. Lee, and the troops from this state were not called out.
"Voted, that the front of our grave-yard be fenced with good Stone-wall."The building of the wall was set up at auction, and struck off to Isaac Young, at 6s 6d per rod, the wall to be three feet thick at the bottom, and four feet two inches high.
|John T. Gilman,||13|
"To see if the town will vote to pay for the school house which is now Built, and to Build two more for the town use."At the adjourned meeting, March 23, 1797, upon this subject, it was
"Voted, not to Build School Houses in town agreeable to the ninth article in the Warrant."The friends of schools were beaten at this time, but the subject was fairly before the people, and they were soon to triumph.
"Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to the officers and Soldiers of the town, for turning out Voluntarily to supply their Quotio [sic] requested by the requisition from Congress."The spirit of '76 was still rife in the town.
"9thly, To See if the Town will petition the General Court, for an act of Incorporation to Lock or Slip the great Coos Brook from the pond to Merrimack river, at the expense of the town of Derryfield, or any part thereof."At the annual meeting March 7, the town voted to petition the Legislature for an act of incorporation for such purpose, and chose Samuel P. Kidder, Joseph Moore and Benjamin F. Stark, a committee to draft the petition. An act of incorporation was obtained, but in the year 1806, at an adjourned meeting holden March 18 of that year, it was
"Voted, to give up the slipping of Cohas Brook to individuals in town who will do it."May 14, 1803, it was again,
"Voted, to fence the grave-yard, on the south side, with a good stone-wall.From which it oppears [sic appears?] that Mr. Young, who "bid off", the fencing the same in 1795, did not fulfill his agreement with the town. The building of the fence, "4 1-2 feet high, 3 feet thick at the bottom," was again put up at auction, and bid off by Mr. William Farmer, at $3,40 per rod. Mr. Farmer built the wall, the same that remains.
"Voted, to have the annual meeting for the future on the Second Tuesday in March."From the first Presidential election to that of 1800, the electors had been chosen directly by the people. In that year the Legislature assumed to choose the electors, having altered the electoral law. But in June, 1804 the Legislature passed an act referring the Presidential election again directly to the people.
|John Goddard||29,||Oliver Peabody,||19,|
|Levi Bartlett,||29,||John Prentice,||19,|
|John Steel,||29,||William Hale,||19,|
|Robert Allcock,||29,||Timothy Farrar,||19,|
|Tim'y Walker,||29,||Robert Wallace,||19,|
|Geo. Aldrich,||29,||Benjamin West,||19,|
|Wm. Tarleton,||29,||Charles Johnston.||19|
"To inquire into the complaint of Alexander Arwin, [sic Irwin?] and prosecute the offenders if they think proper."This committee inquired into the complaint, and had the parties arrested; but upon a proposition to them to settle the affair, the committee stayed the prosecution, and paid the costs of the same, upon the respondents giving a bond for the payment of the sum of two hundred dollars.
"Voted, the town carry on five Shares in the Locking or Slipping Cohos [sic] Brook."It was also
"Voted, To have a committee, consisting of Joseph Moor, Jonas Harvey, and Samuel Moor, Jr. to "dispose of the remaining 145 Shares."From this vote it seems the stock was divided into one hundred and fifty shares, but of the amount of stock, or what disposition was made of it, is not know.
"Voted the Town give the Soldiers two Gallons of West India Rum who turned out as Volunteers in defence of their Country."At an adjourned meeting, in March, 1808, it was voted to redistrict the town for the purpose of schooling, and to divide the same into five districts. A committee was chosen for this purpose, who reported at the annual meeting in 1809, and the report was accepted. The same year a school house was built near the Centre at an expense of $217,02, and a tax to that amount was levied upon the inhabitants of that district.
|Jeremiah Smith,||39,||John Langdon,||33,|
|Oliver Peabody,||39,||Samuel Bell,||33,|
|Samuel Hale,||39,||Amasa Allen,||33,|
|Timothy Farrar,||39,||John Goddard,||33,|
|Robert Wallace,||39,||Robert Allcock,||33,|
|Benjamin West,||39,||Nat. Shannon,||33,|
|Jona. Franklin,||39,||Wm. Tarleton,||33,|
"Voted, Thomas Stickney, John G. Moor, and Amos Weston, be a Committee to petition the General Court to have the name of the town of Derryfield altered to Manchester."The petition was duly presented, and the name of the town was changed to Manchester by the Legislature, at the June session of that year. This change of name was effected out of compliment to the opinion of Judge Blodget, who was wont to say, that the town was "destined to become the Manchester of America." At this time however, the first Factory on the Merrimack had been started at this place, and Mr. Stickney who was a grandson of Judge Blodget fully believed, and many of the people hoped that his prognostication was soon to be realized.
History of Manchester
Created May 4, 2001
Copyright 2000, 2001